What is Poultry Farming?
Poultry farming is the method of breeding domesticated birds like chickens, ducks, turkeys, and geese for the aim of farming meat or eggs for food. Poultry is farmed in a nice number with chickens being the foremost variety of bird. The statistic shows that more than fifty billion chickens are raised annually as a supply of food, for both their meat and their eggs. Chickens raised for eggs are known as layers whereas chickens raised for meat are typically known as broilers. In Nigeria, Poultry products are in high demand. Poultry Farming Business in Nigeria is a very big business that gives enough meat and eggs for day to day consumption by people. Poultry products like eggs and chicken meat give the necessary protein that the body needs. – Wikipedia
There is a need to start poultry farming in Nigeria, because every poultry farmer is a boss on his/her own. In this article, we will be looking at the cost and requirements involved in starting a poultry business of your own, as a beginner.
Types of Poultry Birds to Consider For Your Farm:
There are varieties of options when it comes to selecting the right poultry for your farm. Each selection brings its own distinctive desire and advantages. Which you might find room for all of them or discover that only one specie will really be suiting for your consumption or business.
People say; chickens are the only option for farm fresh eggs, but that is not the case. Most farmyard poultry lay eggs, all the species are prized for their meat, and some have other special skills to offer the homestead. People would possibly suppose chickens are the sole choice for farming eggs presently; however that’s not the case. Most yard poultry lay eggs, all the species are prized for their meat, and a few produce other special skills to supply the homestead.
List Of Well – Known Brands in the Poultry Industry:
Successful brands are those entities within the industry that have been consistent and whose public outreach is very high. These well-known brands are usually looked up to by beginners in the business because they have survived the volatile business environment with unique strategies that have served them well. Below are some successful brands in the poultry farm business in Nigeria;
- Amo Farm Sieberer Hatchery Limited
- Zartech Limited
- Choice Farm (Nig) Ltd
- Samdanest Nigeria Ltd
- Country Choice Farm Ltd
- Obasanjo Holdings Nigeria Limited
- Imo Golden Chicken Farms Limited
- Adejoro Mushroom Farms
Firstly, before starting a poultry farm business you should ensure that you carry out an explicit investigation and gather information from experienced people before starting off your own. This process is essential so as to save you a lot of heartache and reckless spending, when you eventually commerce the business.
Poultry farming business in Nigeria is a growing business that continues to increase as the population grows. Also, people are conscious of what they now eat, and chickens and the eggs they lay are highly nutritious. This is obviously an indication that there is always a ready market for poultry and poultry products.
This looks like an easy business to start, but there are strict prerequisite for starting and running a poultry farming business in Nigeria. Mostly, poultry farms are often affected by diseases when there is a very poor handling of the birds, these diseases can kill all the birds if not well controlled and properly reported and quickly.
Important Note: The avian virus can be passed to humans, which might lead to death.
Factors That Contributes to a Profitable Poultry Farming in Nigeria:
Good Price Factor
Egg & Meat Marketing
Meat Processing and Packaging
1. Quick Reproduction:
The average healthy chicken Layer lays egg almost every day or at least 4 times in a week. Sometimes mots breeds can lay as much as 300 eggs in a year and take not less than 21 days to hatch. So technically, a layer is capable of producing another chicken more than twice in a period of three days.
10 Chicken Breeds That Will Lay A lot Of Eggs For You:
Getting the right breed is basically a crucial step if you are interested in getting fresh eggs all year long. We have drawn a list of chicken species with the top 10 layers chicken you can start with. Which are:
Rhode Island Red
Lets Dive in:
Eggs: The hybrid hens have the capability to lay around 280+ eggs per year. These eggs will be medium sized and brown color
Color: The Hybrids are normally a golden brown colored breed with white tail feathers which is usually soft.
Character: They tend to be a very tough and resilient chicken and rarely ever turn broody. If you are looking for an all year round egg layer who is easy to look after, a Hybrid chicken is definitely the pick for you.
2. Rhode Island Red:
The Rhode Island Red’s comes from America and are known as a ‘dual purpose’ chickens. This means they can be raised for either eggs or meat. They are one of the most popular backyard chicken breeds because they are tough and lay lots of eggs. You can read more about the history of the Rhode Island Red on Wikipedia.
Eggs: One should be expecting an average Rhode Island Red to lay 250 eggs a year. These eggs are brown and medium sized.
Color: The Rhode Island Reds actually have brown and black feathers giving them a dark appearance which is contrary to their name.
Majority who grew up in the 50s or 60s will know what a Leghorn looks like from the popular TV show Foghorn Leghorn. Leghorns were brought to the States from Italy back in the 1800s and have made the perfect backyard chicken ever since.
Eggs: The Leghorn should lay an average number of 250 eggs per year. These eggs will be white and medium sized.
Color: The Leghorn breed is one of the most unique breeds in the world, with a full white body and a large thick red comb.
Important Note: They make an ideal pick for a beginner, anyone interested in taming their chickens shouldn’t choose Leghorns because they are well-known for being shy and very difficult to tame.
Unlike the Rhode Island Red, the Sussex is a hen that is raised for their eggs and meat which we call a ‘dual purpose’ hen.
Eggs: This breed of chicken is easily capable of laying 250 eggs a year. The color of the eggs will vary from brown through to creamy white.
Color: The Sussex breed has eight different colors, the most common one being a pure white body with black neck and tail feathers.
Note: The Sussex is a very calm breed and I will certainly prescribe the Sussex breed that would be tamable and groom able.
5. Plymouth Rock:
The Plymouth Rock chicken breed (Barred Rock) is a good pick for an amateur chicken keeper who is in search of a hen that lays eggs approximately once every two days.
Eggs: A healthy Plymouth Rock should lay around 200 eggs a year. These eggs will be small to medium sized and are a light brown color.
Color: The Plymouth Rock chicken breed is usually grey with white stripes wrapping around their body.
Important Note: The Plymouths chicken breed is a large bird that is better suited to the free range lifestyle. Which is of similar quality with the Sussex, they are very friendly birds who can easily be tamed.
The Ancona chicken breed is a small hen which originated from Italy. This breed is presently rampant in the United Kingdom and the US.
Eggs: It will lay around 200 eggs per year. These will be small white eggs.
Color: The Anacona looks very similar to the Plymouth Rock except it is less than half the size In feather appearance.
Important Note: The Ancona isn’t a breed to be selected as a pet. This breed is unique for being very lively and will need its feathers clipping very often. It is known for being notorious for flying out of chicken pens!
The Barnevelder breed is a native to Holland and is well known for its shiny feathers.
Eggs: This breed is capable of laying around 200 eggs per year. These eggs will be small to medium sized and will be covered or marked with a large number of small spots or patches on the brown color.
Color: The Barnevelder is predominantly a black chicken with brown tipped feathers.
Important Note: The Barnevelder breed is a very great garden bird that is much better suited to a garden pen. It isn’t a great flyer so you don’t need to worry about clipping their feathers.
The Hamburg is a chicken originated from Germany and is one of the most attractive chicken breeds around, contemporarily.
Eggs: The Hamburg breed lay an estimated number of 200 eggs per year. The eggs will be small or medium in size, and also have a white glossy shell.
Color: The feathers of a Hamburg Is quite similar to the coat of a Dalmatian. They are mostly white with black feathers. The Hamburg chicken breed also has another color combination which is; Black with golden tipped feathers.
Important Note: The Hamburgs chicken breed needs lots of clearance/space to roam around in.This is because this specie usually don’t do well inside a chicken pen. The Hamburg chickens is known to be an aggressive breed in small spaces and are much more better as a free range chicken.
The Marans chicken breed is also known to be a dual purpose hen and is also familiar for their flamboyant dark brown eggs with an extraordinary meat quality.
Eggs: An average Marans breed will lay around 200 eggs a year. These eggs have a sparkling dark brown color and are medium sized.
Color: They are very similar in appearance to Plymouth Rocks and are mostly dark grey with white flutters.
Important Note: These dual-purpose breeds don’t require much space to roam in and are well behaved. Don’t be deceived, they aren’t very easy to tame and don’t really make a good pet.
10. Buff Orpington:
The last but not the list is the Buff Orpington, which is my favorite chicken species. The Buff Orpington breed originated from Kent, England. They are well fit for a backyard chicken farm, for anyone interested in using this chicken specie to start from home.
Eggs: An average Orpingtons breed will lay around 180 eggs a year. They have a likelihood to get broody during the summer season which is the reason why they lay less than the other breeds mentioned on the list.
Color: The Buff Orpington chicken breed has a glorious golden-yellow color. It also has a thick layer of feathers.
Important Note: They are one of the tamable chicken breeds you can get and will really make a very great garden pet. The Buff Orpington breed is a unique and friendly one. With no time you can train them to feed from your hands and also socialize with you.
Contributing Factors to Egg Production:
To add to the good diet, every chicken needs daylight to lay eggs, at least a minimum of 14 hours of daylight to lay good and healthy eggs.
The amount of daylight a chicken is exposed to might determine how well the chicken will lay eggs. Moreover, if they don’t get enough daylight, their egg laying will be limited. To ensure they get the required amount of daylight to make sure you are letting them out as close to the sunrise as possible. Even if it means exposing them to the early morning daylight. In other to get the full laying power of every chicken breed or species, get used to exposing them to daylight frequently.
Throughout the winter there won’t be 14 hours of daylight and a lot of chicken farmers will make use of artificial lighting to keep their chickens laying eggs. This is totally wrong because every chicken needs this downtime during the winter period for their body to recover. This means that you are forcing your chickens to lay by using man-made lighting which means their bodies won’t recover and your hen’s health will probably deteriorate.
Every Chicken needs around 20 grams of protein daily for them to keep laying eggs. If chickens aren’t provided with enough proteins, they won’t be capable to lay many eggs. To be sure your chickens are getting enough proteins, make sure you are feeding them layers pallets.
If their diet isn’t providing them with this protein then they won’t be able to lay many eggs.
To ensure your chickens are getting plenty of protein diets make sure you are feeding them layers pellets.
Layers pellets have been manufactured to contain all the key minerals, nutrients, and minerals that hens require.
The uneasy fact still remains that the older a chicken becomes the lesser there eggs. It’s a sad fact of life that older chickens don’t really lay as many eggs as younger chickens. The chickens first year of laying eggs is always the best.
From the graph above, immediately a chicken attains the age of “3”, the number of eggs they lay really decrease in number. For instance, if your chicken laid an amount of 260 eggs the first year, then by the third year it will only lay 170 eggs. We will say that age is one of the factors that affect the number of eggs a chicken produces over time
It is the natural way and there is nothing you can do to stop it.
2. Rapid Growth:
The fast-growing breeds put on weight too quickly. That is, you can expect to get a weight of around 2Kg in as little as 6 weeks in a commercial set-up. These chickens are bred to grow big and fat for quick commercial and consumptions purposes. Attaining this weight in six weeks is totally unnatural when it usually takes around 20 weeks for a normal pure breed to reach this weight. With such massive weight gain, they are more vulnerable to getting leg problems amongst other things.
3. Good Price Factor:
Every poultry farmer endeavors to breed his chickens to be as fat and as healthy as possible. Because the bigger the size, the higher the price. If you are familiar with the process and breeding techniques you can train a chick for three months and it becomes a fully grown chicken ready for sales or consumption. The cost of purchasing a chick now is very low; it is ridiculously cheap even 10 years old kid can afford.
The main benefit of poultry farming in Nigeria is the ease of marketing poultry products. There is already an established market for poultry eggs and meat with huge demand. Basically, you don’t have to stress yourself about marketing your products. You can market your products in both local markets and big cities.
According to the above discussion, poultry farming in Nigeria is really lucrative and a great business idea to venture into. The chances of success in this business are very high because people consume a very high amount of poultry products on daily basis.
Who is Your Targeted Market?
- Catering Outlets
- Supply To Hawkers
Before you dive into approaching the market with your product, you got to have a poultry marketing plan.
Get a Poultry Marketing Plan: Business Planning Nigeria
You can also Learn How To Start Fish Farming with my 4 simple and detailed steps, for those that are serious to make more money in the meat and fish business.
We have something Special For You, Kindly Subscribe.