“How To Start Fish Farming in Nigeria “- Fish farming is a very lucrative business presently now in most parts of the country especially in our country Nigeria. As a result of this, many are investing in this sector of business with great speed. But without proper information or advice on this business, much loss will be recorded at the end of the business. I tend to answer the frequently asked questions by enthusiastic entrepreneurs in Nigeria.
Firstly, what is fish farming?
According to various expert definitions and description, Fish farming entails the rearing of fish commercially in tanks and enclosures such as fish ponds, obviously for feed purposes. This is a principal form of aquaculture that attracts a lot of benefits for both human consumption and economic growth. Wikipedia Definition
There are countless species of fishes around the globe, only a few are used for fish farming. Presently in Nigeria, the two major reared fishes are:
- Tilapia &
What are the types of fish pond?
It is advisable to consult an expert in other to know the best prescriptions for your business, things like Source of water, vitamins, nutrients and general maintenance of the pond, which depends on the gravity of activities on your farm.
Moreover, there are basically three types of ponds which are:
- Earthen Pond
- Concrete Pond
- Plastic tank Pond
What Should I know before starting a fish farming business?
- Purchase healthy fingerlings from farms that rear them
- Ensure to feed them at least twice a day
- Do not change water immediately after feeding so that they do not puke the food
- Substitute used water with new after two or three days, the water must be fresh and clean(concrete and plastic pond)
- Periodically give the fish vitamin supplements to keep them diseases free and healthy at all times.
- Make use of the well-known brand feed on sales such as Skeretting Nigeria, Durante Fish Industries Limited, Olam Nigeria, Zeigler Feeds e.t.c.
- Always separate the largely grown fishes from the small ones to avoid the big ones eating the small ones.
- Always store your feeds in a cool dry place to keep away rodents and pests.
- Nativefeed prices less per kg.
- Get your own Pelletizer to form your own feed as this can facilitate to cut back price.
- The feed may even be either flour meal or tiny pellets size
- Engage in seminars and conferences to gain more knowledge from experts.
What do I need to start a fish farm in Nigeria?
The criteria’s listed below apply to every size of fishery be it a small-scale fish farming or a gigantic commercial fish farming in Nigeria, Let us begin;
- Pond Construction
- Efficient Borehole Water
- Fingerling Fish
- Attending Training’s
Let’s proceed into details;
A fishery is unlike most businesses since fishes don’t cause any environmental disturbance, any good location can be good for fish farming.
If you can, maximize the space on the land if it is within your financial budget to start in quantity, which is totally up to you to decide.
2. Pond Construction
Employ the service of an expert pond construction engineer. This is basic and also crucial to ensure that everything is well set-up to avoid mistakes which can be very costly. For instance, the plumber must do his job as an expert to ensure that the drainage system follows properly and fine.
3. Efficient Borehole Water
Obviously, water must be available in excess when it comes to fish farming, adequate water flow is the life of the business; “No water, No Fish”.
The lack of adequate water will definitely result in disaster because used water needs to be substituted as often as possible.
Furthermore, when it comes to fish farming, it is advisable to use borehole water and river water as water option. Ensure not to use chemical water or even rainwater.
4. Fingerling Fish
When you purchase your fingerlings, it is very important because if they are not lively and healthy enough then you’re in to make a huge mistake by starting, because, you will definitely record some loss.
It is wise to get your fingerlings from farmers that specialize in supplying it. After acquiring them, endeavor to go for the high species from a clean and healthy farm. You can buy from Afrimash a reliable seller of fingerling fishes in Nigeria.
5. Attend Training’s
The training intended is not a one-time seminar training aimed at extorting money from desperate individuals. But a training that will explicitly and practically explain problems and devise solutions for the growth of your fishery business.
Profitability In Fish Farming
Fish farming is profitable but not as easy as starting an online business in Nigeria. You really have to acquire a great deal of knowledge, as I have listed above. Before you start making thousands, millions and even billions in the short and long run.
For those who are still skeptical about the fish farming business, you can watch a video explaining the profitability of fish farming in Nigeria.
For many Nigerian farmers, aquaculture means opportunity. The West Africa Agricultural Productivity Program, or WAAPP, is helping make fish farms more productive so that they can feed more Nigerians. And with innovations like the ‘Smoking King’ which extend the shelf-life of one of Nigeria’s staple foods, fish farming is becoming more profitable.
Content Source: howtostart.com.ng