Simple Techniques In Starting Cassava Farming In Nigeria
The good news is that Nigeria is the largest cassava producing country all over the world. But still, cassava finished products are imported into the country which is very bad us as a country.
With the radical increase in the diverse use of cassava products in Nigeria, cassava farming in Nigeria is becoming more lucrative every day. Cassava farm product has always been a source of revenue and livelihood for millions of Nigerians. The statistic shows that more than 80% of Nigerian households consume cassava products every day. Some of the cassava products are: garri, wheat-flour, animal feed and a lot more.
The population of Nigeria as we all know, it continues to grow. The high demand for cassava products will continue to increase greatly. Which business-wise, will lead to higher revenues generated by cassava farmers. This widespread consumption of cassava products will continue to make cassava farming in Nigeria profitable.
Why Haven’t A Lot Of People Ventured Into Cassava Farming in Nigeria?
The simple and yet obvious answer a lot of people complain about is lack of capital. Capital hinders a lot of business activities from taking off. But with the economic recession going on in Nigeria, the Nigerian government through the country’s Bank of Agriculture (BOA) has made agriculture loans accessible. This is available for millions of potential active agricultural farmers in Nigeria. However, you can take advantage of the Nigerian government’s agricultural loans and incentives now which is a good way to startup your own cassava farm.
HERE IS A BUSINESS PLAN ON HOW TO START A CASSAVA FARM AND PROCESSING BUSINESS IN NIGERIA.
- Select A Good Site
- Prepare The Soil For Planting
- Best Cassava Variety Selection
- Healthy Cassava Stem Cutting
- Right Planting
- Set-up and Production Cost
Let Us Begin:
1. Select A Good Site:
When selecting a start-up site for your cassava plantation, select an area with a deep and well drained loamy soil, adequate rainfall, and warm & moist climatic conditions. There are higher chances that your cassava will grow very well and healthy in these areas.
Easy ways to identify land with the above conditions are:
- Presence of a thick vegetation around it,
- A good soil texture
- Flat land or gently sloping.
Basically, picking the right site for your cassava farming is very crucial and important. Therefore, ensure that the locals and food scientists can validate the richness of the soil before you proceed to make a purchase of the site.
2. Prepare The Soil For Planting:
This process is not really important if you have already selected a good site to grow your cassava crops as explained above. But in case you didn’t, you’d need invest a little money to improve the soil. There are various practices for improving your soil for planting, you can use the following methods below such as:
- Application Of Manure
- Prepare a very good seedbeds,
- Planting the cassava alongside other crops, e.t.c. to begin with.
Make your soil as fertile for cultivation as possible or you are in for some loses. In this venture of business, you can’t afford to start making mistake at an early stage of the business.
Your soil must be very fertile for cultivation else, you’d lose millions. Little mistakes as this should be totally avoided. But the best route still, is to choose a good site. This way, you don’t have to go through the pain of improving the soil for planting the cassava stem cuttings.
3. Best Cassava Variety Selection:
There are varieties of cassavas that you can start grow. The best breeds to cultivate are the type that are widely accepted by your targeted market. which also, yields greatly, grows fast, and are resistant to pests and diseases. The key factors involved in sorting the right cassava breed to grow are varieties with:
- Good food quality
- Very good cooking abilities
- Varieties that bulk early
- Excellent ground stability
- High tolerance to pests, diseases, and weed.
Selecting the best breeds to start with, will determine how successful your cassava plantation will be. Don’t grow what people are not interested in. If you do , you’d go out of business immediately without any warning. Thus, run a background check as to what the available buyers in the locality are interested in. And then, grow those types of cassava crops, in large quantity.
4. Healthy Cassava Stem Cutting:
The selection of healthy and good looking stems is mandatory to grow rich cassava crops. Which will attract quick purchase. The cassava stem cutting can be purchased in town markets and villages.
The best most reliable place to keep getting a healthy cassava stem cuttings are on your own farm. The sowing of healthy stem cutting is very crucial. Because they will help a great deal to reduce the wild spread of cassava pests and diseases.
When getting cassava stem cuttings, this is the best step to follow:
- Get healthy cassava plants.
- Abstain from cassava plants that have or have had a history of pest and diseases.
5. Right Planting:
First, before you initiate planting your cassava crop products, you’ll need to consider the land tillage method, the time of the year, the seed bed type, and the preparation method. Planting within all the right conditions will ensure you reap a healthy and bounty harvest. It will surely increase the chances of good yields.
6. Set-up And Production Cost:
Cassava setup and production cost is not really expensive but will surely earn you millions on the long run. The cost involves the land, land preparation, cassava stem cuttings, fertilizer, fermentation tank, hydraulic press and hammer mill.
View the costing below:
- Land Cost: NGN 75,000 (It depends on the location)
- Land Preparation: NGN 25,000 (Prices vary)
- Cassava Stem Cuttings: NGN 50,000 (For 100 bundles, price could vary per location)
- Fertilizer NGN 25,000 (Prices could vary by quantity)
- Fermentation Tank: NGN 220,000
- Hydraulic Press: NGN 280,000
- Hammer Mill: NGN 700,000
Additional costs that are attached deeply to the cassava farm are:
- Harvesting labor fees
- Farm maintenance,
- General employee salaries
- Carriage bags
Note: Due to inflation and other uncontrollable market vices, some other costs and unforeseen expenses were not listed. And the one’s listed are likely to change by the same factor.
Finally, you’ll need to ensure that you get the maximum return on your product after harvest. And also finding the right buyer and sell at the right price. The business will yield great profit if the right steps is followed carefully.
Cassava farming remains a lucrative agricultural venture if executed rightly. Moreover, avoid using shortcuts and cutting corners when it comes to setting up a cassava farm. Do it right and you’ll end up yielding the right crops everyone desperately demands in the market. Venturing into this agricultural business will grantee you sales and high market demand regularly.